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Gastric bypass surgery

Gastric bypass surgery

With obesity becoming such a huge problem in some countries, it is no wonder that weight loss surgery is becoming more and more popular as a method to help tackle this issue. One of the more common forms of weight loss surgery is a gastric bypass.
Gastric bypass surgery is also known as bariatric surgery and has a lower risk to the patient and causes less pain than other procedures. The procedure can be carried out in less than thirty minutes and the patient will not have to be in hospital overnight.

Having a gastric bypass procedure done is relatively simple. It involves the surgeon reducing the size of the stomach by making a small pouch in the upper part of the stomach with staples or a plastic band. This new ‘smaller’ stomach is then connected directly to the middle section of the small intestine, thus bypassing the rest of the stomach and the upper part of the small intestines. This can be done either by keyhole surgery where a small cut is made in the abdomen and a camera is used or by open surgery whereby a large cut is made in the stomach and a camera is not needed.

Once the surgery has been completed, the patient will then only be able to eat small amounts of food to feel comfortably full. Guidelines on how and what to eat will be given to the patient to follow. It is important that the patient stick to the guidelines in order to get the best results. Guidelines will vary from surgeon to surgeon but most will include eating less, eating slower and to avoid drinking too much fluid. Without following proper guidelines given by the surgeon, a patient could experience situations where some food can be incompletely absorbed when it is passed with stools. This can happen because the digestive system can change due to the operation.

No weight loss surgical procedure is without risks and it is therefore imperative that anyone wanting to have a gastric bypass operation is fully aware of any potential risks. All patients will have to sign a consent form before the operation which will state that they have been made aware of the risks and are still willing to go ahead with the procedure. It is important for every surgeon to make sure that they have this before going ahead due to the higher risk of complications with obese patients who are undergoing surgery.

Gastric bypass surgery is very successful and most patients will begin to lose substantial amounts of weight very quickly. This trend will continue for the first year and most patients will actually drop one third of their body weight within four years. Studies have shown that the death rate for those having gastric bypass surgery is three in two hundred. Gastric bypass surgery is still one of the most popular forms of weight loss surgery.

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